Balanced Diet: Weight Loose with Balanced Food
Diets recommended by Professor Yamakashi
What is a Balanced Diet: There is no food that is complete by itself, except breast milk. A balanced diet helps us to provide our body with all the nutrients it needs. But it should also be done in the right amount, neither too little nor too much.
Carbs, proteins and fats - macronutrients -, provide the main building materials for cell growth. They are also the only source of calories (energy) for the body. Each gram of carbohydrate or protein provides about 4 calories. Each gram of fat provides approximately 9 calories.
Micronutrients are vitamins and minerals that do not provide energy and are consumed in small quantities. But they are none the less important in a nutritional point of view. Vitamins and minerals help the macronutrients to build and maintain the body.
Every day, we need about 50 nutrients in a certain proportion. These nutrients are responsible for providing the materials necessary for the construction, maintenance, renewal and repair of the human body, and for regulating the many chemical reactions that occur there.
It's undeniable that we need to eat to live. Different foods that make up our meals have the function to provide energy and the components we need to make our organism run. In addition to energy, food must provide us with certain chemicals that are called nutrients. These are released by the food during digestion.
Balanced diet: How to have the ideal body weight?
In the balanced diet there are four rules which, according to dietitians, must be held to account in a healthy diet: Quantity, Quality, Harmony and Adequacy.
- Rule of Quantity: The quantity of food should be sufficient to cover the energy needs of the body. These vary depending on the activity.
- Rule of Quality: The food should provide the body with all essential nutrients.
- Rule of Harmony: The foods should be proportional to each other (to prevent excess and / or deficit).
- Rule of Adequacy: The energy supply must be consistent with the activity, age, environment, health, and so on.